Laparoscopic surgery is commonly known as minimally invasive surgery . Small incisions are made in the abdomen and pelvic cavities to perform laparoscopy. As opposed to the traditional forms of surgery, minimally invasive surgery uses very small incisions to carry out the procedure. Similar procedures known as keyhole surgery are used for surgical procedures in the throat or chest cavity using . Laparoscopy has been successfully used for diagnosis and treatment of a number of ailments such as Crohn’s disease, endometriosis and ectopic pregnancy to name a few.The key to laparoscopic surgery is the use of an instrument called a laparoscope. It is a type of endoscope equipped with a light source, which enables visualization of organs in the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery has provided relief to patients across the globe. This procedure has lesser recovery time than traditional open surgery. Keyhole surgery results in reduced pain due to smaller incisions and quicker ambulation and return to normalcy.